Since its entrance in Georgia in mid-2007 through the Port of Poti (off the Black Sea) ASF rapidly spread throughout the country and reached neighbouring countries such as Armenia and Azerbaijan. Most importantly, the disease entered the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation, via contact with infected wild boar on the border with Georgia.
During the first years after the initial notifications, ASF persisted and spread in the Caucasus countries and in the southern region of Russian Federation, affecting the wild boar and domestic pig populations. In the summer 2011, ASF moved further north generating a second endemic zone in the Russian Federation. The disease continued to spread, getting closer and closer to other neighbouring countries, and Ukraine notified OIE, on the first ASF case in domestic pigs, in July 2012, followed by Belarus in June 2013. Then, in 2014, ASF spread to Lithuania in January, to Poland in February and to Latvia in June. In all cases, initial notifications occurred in wild boar, in close proximity to the borders with Belarus. Over the following summer months the disease spread along the countries affecting principally wild boars. Finally, in September 2014 the disease was notified in Estonia affecting wild boars near the Latvian border. From September 2014 until the summer 2015, cases were regularly notified in all four countries, mainly in wild boar. Outbreaks in domestic pigs were rapidly controlled.
The video, based on data gathered from OIE, provides a brief overview on ASF spread in Eastern Europe and EU countries since 2007 up to September 2015.