The ASFORCE project, aims at contributing, among others, to identify and solve main relevant issues regarding the prevention of ASF entry in the European Union, mainly focusing on the threat posed by the occurrence and spread of the disease in Eastern Europe. The participation of different partners has given to this project a multidisciplinary approach that provides a strong scientific and technological basis towards the establishment of these guidelines.
Research work developed under Theme 2 of the project (Prevention, Control and Eradication models for ASF), aims at providing essential information to design more cost-effective surveillance and control strategies for ASF into the different risk scenarios, providing valuable tools for policy makers, administrations and pig producers. Theme 2 compiles three specific objectives:
First, to evaluate the existing production systems and the spatial and temporal patterns in pig trade within several European countries;
Secondly, to analyze the genetic properties of ASFV isolates currently circulating and the geographical and molecular spatial-temporal patterns of geographic viral dissemination;
The last objective aims at reviewing cost-benefit analysis of the surveillance and control strategies for ASF in Sardinia, Corsica and Russian Federation, and the evaluation of existing surveillance strategies and contingency plans in Eastern European countries.
The ultimate goal is to better prevent and control ASF and minimize the economical loses on endemic or on potentially new infected areas.
Results obtained from this project and specifically from Theme 2, provide very useful tools as well as interesting data in order to establish cost-effective guidelines for prevention and control measures against ASF.
Generated outcomes of studies developed are summarized and presented in these guidelines.